Despite the burly stats, keep in mind that the B7 is not intended to be an M7. Alpina’s approach to performance is less hard-core than is the M division’s; rather, Alpina focuses on producing vehicles that are “smooth, unobtrusive, and easy to drive.” To put a point on its goals, the vast majority of the firm’s offerings in Europe come only with automatic transmissions. Gearchanges are accomplished by a specially tuned version of the eight-speed automatic now installed throughout the 7-series lineup. We left the B7 in automatic mode much of the time—we preferred that to using the two small shift nubs Alpina sticks on the back of the steering-wheel spokes—and found the shifts to be plenty crisp.
Platner has turned her car-buying experience into a mission of consumer protection. She said she hopes to petition legislators for a fee cap and specific disclosure requirements. She said Arizona should connect with other states that restrict the amount of doc fees and create regulations that would require dealers to inform consumers about the fee before they walk into a finance office and perhaps even list the fee on the sticker price.
In that case the borrower isn’t paying down principal any more, they’re simply accruing interest on the unpaid balance. One approach would be to take the interest rate and divide it by 365. Multiply that figure by the unpaid balance times the number of days that the loan is past due. So on an unpaid balance of $10,000 at 4.5% interest of $55.48 would be due when the balance is 45 days old. There are lots of different ways to write a loan contract, so make sure you review the promissory note to determine treatment of missed payments or balloon balances.
Engines with 4, 5, 6 or 8 cylinders power the majority of modern cars. There are exceptions, of course, perhaps most notably the 10-cylinder engine in the Dodge Viper or the 12-cylinder engines installed in several high-end luxury sedans. But most of today's vehicles employ the more common cylinder counts. An engine cylinder is where the combustion process occurs. Inside each cylinder is a piston, which moves up and down inside the cylinder (or side to side, as we will learn). Each cylinder is connected to a crankshaft. The crankshaft delivers the energy created by the combustion process to the transmission and, ultimately, to the wheels that drive the vehicle. Generally speaking, the more cylinders an engine has, the more horsepower and torque an engine makes. Engine cylinders are typically arranged in a vertical orientation, lined up one after another from the front to the rear of the engine, or in a V-shaped orientation with an equal number of cylinders on each side. When engine cylinders are vertically oriented, the engine has an "inline" configuration, which is used in conjunction with 4, 5, or 6 cylinders. When engine cylinders are V-oriented, the engine has a "V" configuration, which is used in conjunction with 6 or more cylinders. If an engine is mounted transversely, which is common for front-wheel-drive vehicles, the cylinders and crankshaft are oriented from side-to-side rather than front-to-back. Porsches and Subarus do not use either an inline or a V-type engine configuration. Instead, these models have "horizontally opposed" cylinder arrangements. Also known as "flat" or "boxer" engines, these power plants have cylinders that lay flat on either side of the crankshaft, with pistons that rotate outward toward the sides of the car, like a boxer's fists. The new 2013 Scion FR-S, which has a Subaru engine, also features this engine design. Now that we understand the different engine configurations, let's talk about the differences between them. Inline engines (I) are taller and narrower, and when they are mounted transversely, allow designers to create a vehicle with a smaller front end. V-type engines (V) sit lower with an improved center of gravity, and this design is more space-efficient with a greater numbers of cylinders. Horizontally opposed engines (H) sit very low and wide, producing a low center of gravity and improved handling. When you combine the engine configuration with the number of cylinders, the resulting references are as follows: I-4, I-5, I-6, V-6, V-8, V-10, V-12, H-4, H-6.
The history of the 485 horsepower, 3-liter V-12 1939 Auto Union twin-supercharger Type D, which has a top speed of 205 mph, is fascinating. After World War II most of the race cars were carted off to Russia as Auto Union’s headquarters were in East Germany. They then disappeared or were stripped for parts or used for research. Paul Karassik, a Russian immigrant living in Florida, had been a spectator in Belgrade at the last Grand Prix before the war. During the 1970s his dream was to find the Auto Unions in the USSR. It took the better part of a decade, but he was able to track down two surviving Auto Unions and after much negotiation he was able to get the parts out from behind the Iron Curtain.